Five Solas


Rushdoony, This Independent Republic, p.62

Rushdoony, This Independent Republic, p.62

7. Equality

Rousas John Rushdoony

This Independent Republic: Studies in the Nature and Meaning of American History, Vallecito, California: Ross House Books, 2001, pp.61-82

1. Language and Liberty
2. Feudalism and Federalism
3. Legality and Revolution
4. Sovereignty
5. The Right to Emigrate
6. Liberty and Property
7. Equality
8. The Holy Commonwealth
9. Democracy and Anarchy
10. The French Revolution and the American Conservative Counter-Revolution
11. Sphere Law
12. American Anti-Universalism
13. Non-Interventionism as a Constitutional Principle
Appendix: Suggested Additional Reading


 First, the rational ideal or concept of equality has been influential in modern history. In this faith, an abstract concept of man is held to be true irrespective of any and all circumstances concerning the individual. This is essentially a religious faith, but, having been affirmed by humanists who pride themselves on their rationalism, the name can be used even as its irrationality is noted. In terms of the rationalism of this school, man is logically a certain kind of being possessed of certain natural attributes, of which equality is central. This is the reality concerning man; all factors pointing to another condition are ruled to be historical, cultural, or environmental accidents. Hence the accidents must be eliminated and the reality allowed to flourish. (p.62)

 Second, the scientific doctrine of equality, while in essence the same as the rational, saw its proof not in reason but in science. Thus, behaviorism assumed all human materials to be equal, and Watson believed every man to be capable of all things if totally conditioned by behavioristic science. So-called scientific socialism, similarly a latter-day “rationalism” or religion of man, has often used this doctrine. (p.62)

 Third, there is the doctrine of empirical equality, which holds that equal conditions or success imply equal men. Thus, the American Indian has often assumed the equality of white men, as equally successful, and assumed his superiority to the Negro (“We fought, but they became slaves”) because of unequal factors. Socially, this doctrine is assumed as people strive to attain a certain degree of wealth and circumstance and assume that they are thereby entitled to move in a particular strata of society as equals. This concept thus has reference to external factors and conditions. (p.62)

 Fourth, the concept of political equality in the sense of equal suffrage is affirmed. All men are, in terms of certain principles, i.e., age and character requirements, eligible to vote. In California, various extensions of this concept have been proposed: dropping the reading requirement for suffrage, and the automatic restoration of suffrage to ex-convicts. Elsewhere, a lowering of the age requirement has been suggested. The 19th Amendment (1920) was in part an expression of this concept. (p.62)

 Fifth, sexual equality, also expressed in the feminist movement, is an assertion that the differences between men and women are accidents (in the philosophical sense), their reality being a common and an equal condition. This concept is again a by-product of “rationalism” and humanism and presupposes that differences are invidious and uniformity ideal. (p.62)